THE TRIALS OF JESUS
We ended our last session in the Garden of Gethsemane where Jesus proved His power over His would-be captors, then willingly yielded Himself to them.
Beginning in the Garden and going on through the night we see vividly the blatant denial, self-will, and deceitfulness of man. This in stark contrast to the holy righteous truth of God’s Son.
Watch how Jesus systematically indicts their hypocrisy, yet they go blindly on. They think they have him on trial, but in reality He convicts them of their guilt.
Definition: Indict: To make formal accusation on the basis of positive LEGAL evidence.
INDICTMENT #1 – FALSE ARREST
Luke 22:52: Then Jesus said unto the chief priests, and captains of the temple, and the elders, which were come to him, Be ye come out, as against a thief, with swords and staves? 53: When I was daily with you in the temple, ye stretched forth no hands against me: but this is your hour, and the power of darkness.
Luke 22:52-53 – ” I was with you daily in the temple…you didn’t touch me there…”
Matt. 21:12: And Jesus went into the temple of God, and cast out all them that sold and bought in the temple, and overthrew the tables of the moneychangers, and the seats of them that sold doves, 13: And said unto them, It is written, My house shall be called the house of prayer; but ye have made it a den of thieves. 14: And the blind and the lame came to him in the temple; and he healed them. 15: And when the chief priests and scribes saw the wonderful things that he did, and the children crying in the temple, and saying, Hosanna to the Son of David; they were sore displeased, 16: And said unto him, Hearest thou what these say? And Jesus saith unto them, Yea; have ye never read, Out of the mouth of babes and sucklings thou hast perfected praise? 17: And he left them, and went out of the city into Bethany; and he lodged there. Matt.21:23: And when he was come into the temple, the chief priests and the elders of the people came unto him as he was teaching, and said, By what authority doest thou these things? and who gave thee this authority? 24: And Jesus answered and said unto them, I also will ask you one thing, which if ye tell me, I in like wise will tell you by what authority I do these things. 25: The baptism of John, whence was it? from heaven, or of men? And they reasoned with themselves, saying, If we shall say, From heaven; he will say unto us, Why did ye not then believe him? 26: But if we shall say, Of men; we fear the people; for all hold John as a prophet. 27: And they answered Jesus, and said, We cannot tell. And he said unto them, Neither tell I you by what authority I do these things.
Matt.:21:43: Therefore say I unto you, The kingdom of God shall be taken from you, and given to a nation bringing forth the fruits thereof. 44: And whosoever shall fall on this stone shall be broken: but on whomsoever it shall fall, it will grind him to powder. 45: And when the chief priests and Pharisees had heard his parables, they perceived that he spake of them. 46: But when they sought to lay hands on him, they feared the multitude, because they took him for a prophet.
Matt. 21:12-17, 23-27, 43-46
Can you see why they hated Jesus ? He confronted their FALSE religious front and there wasn’t anything that they could do.
Wherever your life of obedience begins to make others LOOK bad, they will try to find your flaws in order to feel better about themselves and to make you look
BAD .”… When you start finding things wrong with everyone else in the Church it’s a pretty good SIGN that there is hypocrisy in your life.”
In John 7:30, 8:20 – John says they sought to lay hands on Jesus but couldn’t…why ?
John7:30: Then they sought to take him: but no man laid hands on him, because his hour was not yet come. 8:20: These words spake Jesus in the treasury, as he taught in the temple: and no man laid hands on him; for his hour was not yet come.
Luke 22:53: When I was daily with you in the temple, ye stretched forth no hands against me: but this is your hour, and the power of darkness.
Luke 22:53 – “But this is your HOUR …” What changed ?
Note: “It doesn’t matter what your enemy, SATAN , wants to do to you… when your life is surrendered to the Lord Jesus Christ, nothing happens without God’s PERMISSION .”
These men thought, ” A Ha!, we finally caught Him,” when in reality they were stepping into a TRAP set for them from the foundation of the world !
John 18:12: Then the band and the captain and officers of the Jews took Jesus, and bound him,
John 18:12 – ” They bound Him.”
As we mentioned last time, even when they bound Him, they were fulfilling the Old Testament picture of Abraham and Isaac.
Psalm 118:22: The stone which the builders refused is become the head stone of the corner. 23: This is the LORD’s doing; it is marvellous in our eyes. 24: This is the day which the LORD hath made; we will rejoice and be glad in it. 25: Save now, I beseech thee, O LORD: O LORD, I beseech thee, send now prosperity. 26: Blessed be he that cometh in the name of the LORD: we have blessed you out of the house of the LORD. 27: God is the LORD, which hath shewed us light: bind the sacrifice with cords, even unto the horns of the altar.
Psalm 118:22-27 – Who are these passages talking about ?
In verse 27, what did they do with the sacrifice ?
Do you see why you can trust God’s word ?…He knows the END from the beginning!
Note: There were SIX stages of Jesus’ trials.
THREE before the Jewish leader.
THREE before the Romans.
Romans 3:9: What then? are we better than they? No, in no wise: for we have before proved both Jews and Gentiles, that they are all under sin; 10: As it is written, There is none righteous, no, not one: 11: There is none that understandeth, there is none that seeketh after God. 12: They are all gone out of the way, they are together become unprofitable; there is none that doeth good, no, not one. 13: Their throat is an open sepulchre; with their tongues they have used deceit; the poison of asps is under their lips: 14: Whose mouth is full of cursing and bitterness: 15: Their feet are swift to shed blood: 16: Destruction and misery are in their ways: 17: And the way of peace have they not known: 18: There is no fear of God before their eyes. 19: Now we know that what things soever the law saith, it saith to them who are under the law: that every mouth may be stopped, and all the world may become guilty before God.
Romans 3:9-19 – “All the world became guilty before God.”
Facts: He was the High Priest for 16 years. according to the Jewish law, the priest-hood was for a lifetime, but Annas’ power worried Rome. They encouraged him to step down. To have such a long history of success as a priest you had to first, keep the Jews CALM for Rome and second, bring lots of money in TAXES . Even though he had stepped down, he still had control. Five sons, one grandson, and now his son in law, Caiaphas, had all held the office of High Priest.
* Annas owned the temple booths (the 4 shops of Annas). As many as 250,000
sacrifices were offered on one passover.
* The people would be given 1/5 the value of their currency (had to use temple
* They would be told their lambs were unacceptable, they would have to purchase a temple sacrifice.
* They would be paid very little for their spotless lambs.
* They would be sold weak, sickly temple lambs at 5 times their value.
* It was called ” The Bazaar of Annas” and the Jews HATED him.
Example: Lev. 5:7 Provided a way for the poor to bring a dove if they couldn’t afford a lamb. Annas would charge 1 gold coin for a dove…an unbelievable amount.
Application: Their religion was nothing more than a way to get WEALTH for them- selves. They were so pre-occupied with themselves, they missed the one they were trained to look for.
Question: Why do you come to CHURCH ?
Is it for self or to serve the Savior ?
Fact: Jesus had twice gone in and destroyed Annas’ rip-off shops when he cleansed the temple.
John 2:13: And the Jews’ passover was at hand, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem, 14: And found in the temple those that sold oxen and sheep and doves, and the changers of money sitting: 15: And when he had made a scourge of small cords, he drove them all out of the temple, and the sheep, and the oxen; and poured out the changers’ money, and overthrew the tables; 16: And said unto them that sold doves, Take these things hence; make not my Father’s house an house of merchandise.
John 2:13-16 WHAT A MAN! That would be like going into a Las Vegas Casino and whipping the dealers while turning over the roullette wheels…and nobody stopped him.
Question: Why hadn’t anyone else done anything before ?
“Oh!, That’s just the WAY it is.”
Application: Don’t allow SIN to go on in your life or Church without it causing you to do what JESUS would do!
They brought Jesus to Annas first, because they knew Annas had reason to hate Jesus.
INDICTMENT #2 – NO SECRET MEETINGS
John 18:20: Jesus answered him, I spake openly to the world; I ever taught in the synagogue, and in the temple, whither the Jews always resort; and in secret have I said nothing.
John 18:20 – ” I spoke openly…nothing in secret meetings.”
John 7:26: But, lo, he speaketh boldly, and they say nothing unto him. Do the rulers know indeed that this is the very Christ? Luke 5:14: And he charged him to tell no man: but go, and shew thyself to the priest, and offer for thy cleansing, according as Moses commanded, for a testimony unto them. 17:14: And when he saw them, he said unto them, Go shew yourselves unto the priests. And it came to pass, that, as they went, they were cleansed.
John 7:26, Luke 5:14, 17:14
How many times do you think these men had met someone HEALED by Jesus ?
INDICTMENT #3 & #4 – NO SELF -INCRIMINATION
John 18:21: Why askest thou me? ask them which heard me, what I have said unto them: behold, they know what I said.
John 18:21 – ” Why ask me…ask those who heard me.”
Annas’ 4 options
- You should know about me and don’t. (crummy priest)
- Your asking me to incriminate myself. (illegal)
- You have no witnesses. (mis-trial)
- You know, but won’t admit it. (liar & deceiver)
Note: 18:22 – An officer tries to score brownie points with the priest by striking Jesus.
INDICTMENT # 5 – CAN’T PUNISH TILL PROVEN GUILTY
John 18:22: And when he had thus spoken, one of the officers which stood by struck Jesus with the palm of his hand, saying, Answerest thou the high priest so? 23: Jesus answered him, If I have spoken evil, bear witness of the evil: but if well, why smitest thou me?
John 18:”23 – “Why do you SMITE me, you have no witnesses.” “if I’ve done wrong, prove it, if not, you’ve just violated another of your own laws.”
Though Annas had Jesus bound – Jesus had him on TRIAL . Jesus knew their law better than they did, and He confronted their hypocrisy.
APPLICATION: You can justify your SIN all you want, but it won’t STAND
in the presence of God !
During the trial of Annas, Caiaphas rounded up the 25 out of 75 members of the Sanhedrin needed for a minimum vote. They PAID witnesses to lie, but they couldn’t agree. They misquoted Him in Mark 14:57,58.
Mark 14:57: And there arose certain, and bare false witness against him, saying, 58: We heard him say, I will destroy this temple that is made with hands, and within three days I will build another made without hands.
” Destroy this temple made with hands and within 3 days I will build another made without hands.”
John 2:19: Jesus answered and said unto them, Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up.
John 2:19 What He really said.
” Destroy this temple and in three days I will raise it up.”
Psalm 27:12 – “For false witnesses are risen up against me.”
Psalm 27:12: Deliver me not over unto the will of mine enemies: for false witnesses are risen up against me, and such as breathe out cruelty
Psalm 35:11-17 – “False witnesses did rise up, they laid to my charge things I know not.”
Psalm 35:11: False witnesses did rise up; they laid to my charge things that I knew not. 12: They rewarded me evil for good to the spoiling of my soul. 13: But as for me, when they were sick, my clothing was sackcloth: I humbled my soul with fasting; and my prayer returned into mine own bosom. 14: I behaved myself as though he had been my friend or brother: I bowed down heavily, as one that mourneth for his mother. 15: But in mine adversity they rejoiced, and gathered themselves together: yea, the abjects gathered themselves together against me, and I knew it not; they did tear me, and ceased not: 16: With hypocritical mockers in feasts, they gnashed upon me with their teeth. 17: Lord, how long wilt thou look on? rescue my soul from their destructions, my darling from the lions.
The only solid case they had against Jesus was His claim to equality with GOD …But for that they needed a witness.
“By the living God, I demand you tell me … are you the Son of God.”
Matt. 26:63: But Jesus held his peace. And the high priest answered and said unto him, I adjure thee by the living God, that thou tell us whether thou be the Christ, the Son of God.
Jesus Answer – Matt. 26:64 “Yes”
Matt.26:64: Jesus saith unto him, Thou hast said: nevertheless I say unto you, Hereafter shall ye see the Son of man sitting on the right hand of power, and coming in the clouds of heaven.
Jesus’ only crime was His willingness to TESTIFY who He was. Our crime is our
FAILURE to testify about who He is in our lives. He died because He claimed to be God. What PRICE are you willing to pay to let Him be your God ?
While Jesus was tested by the Jewish leader, Peter was tested by the world. Jesus told the TRUTH and lost His life, Peter LIED to save his.
Question: When was the last time you were in a place where you had to choose between your reputation or Jesus ? What did you do ?
CONCLUSION: Matt. 26:67: Then did they spit in his face, and buffeted him; and others smote him with the palms of their hands,
“Then they spat on Him and hit Him with their hands.”
Their jealous rage fulfilled yet another prediction found in Ex. 29:10,11,15,19. The priest will put his hands on the sacrifice FIRST … and they did.
Ex. 29:10: And thou shalt cause a bullock to be brought before the tabernacle of the congregation: and Aaron and his sons shall put their hands upon the head of the bullock. 11: And thou shalt kill the bullock before the LORD, by the door of the tabernacle of the congregation. Ex.29:15: Thou shalt also take one ram; and Aaron and his sons shall put their hands upon the head of the ram.
Ex. 29:19: And thou shalt take the other ram; and Aaron and his sons shall put their hands upon the head of the ram.